Foundation License Regulations

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Amateur Radio (Foundation)
Licence Terms,

Provisions and Limitations Booklet BR68/F


These terms, provisions and limitations shall be read as an
integral part of the Amateur Radio (Foundation) Licence.

Conditions of use


1(1) The Licensee shall use the Station for the purpose of
self-training in communication by radio telecommunications which
use (without limiting the generality of the foregoing) includes
technical investigations.


1(2) The Licensee shall address Messages only to other licensed
amateurs or the stations of licensed amateurs and shall send

  1. Messages relating to
    technical investigations or remarks of a personal character;

  2. Signals (not enciphered) which form part of, or relate to, the
    transmission of Messages.

1(3) “Messages” and “Signals” include
communication by:

  1. telephony;
  2. morse telegraphy;
  3. visual communications (which include slow scan television
    (SSTV), and facsimile; and
  4. digital communications (which include data, radio teletype
    (RTTY) and amateur teleprinting over radio (AMTOR)).

1(4) The Licensee may use codes and abbreviations for
communications as long as they do not obscure the meaning of, but
only facilitate, the communications.

1(5) The Licensee may send messages to individual amateurs but
shall not send messages (whether directly or for onward
transmission by another station) for general reception by licensed
amateurs other than:

  1. initial calls; or
  2. to groups of licensed amateurs as long as communication is
    first established separately with at least one licensed amateur in
    any such group; or
  3. to licensed amateurs who participate within a net and subject
    to the identification requirements provided for in sub-clause 7(1A)
    below; or
  4. messages transmitted via a mailbox or bulletin board for
    reception by all or any licensed amateurs who have the facility to
    transmit and receive RTTY or data transmissions.

1(6) The Licensee shall not transmit such material as music,
public broadcasts or speeches.


1(7) “Station” means the station of the Licensee at
the Main Station Address, a Temporary Location or while Mobile, as
the case may be.

1(8) The Licensee shall operate the Station only:

  1. at the Main Station Address (“Main Station Address”
    means the main station address of the Licensee set forth in the
    Validation Document);
  2. at a Temporary Location (“Temporary Location” means a
    location, other than the Main Station Address, in the United
    Kingdom, and in any fixed position);
  3. While Mobile (“Mobile” means located in the United
    Kingdom in any vehicle, as a pedestrian or on any Vessel in Inland

1(9) The Licensee shall give prior written notice to the
Secretary of State at the address specified in note (a) to this
Booklet of any change in the Main Station Address (or mailing
address, if different).

Standard Frequency Service

1(10) The Licensee may use the Station for the reception of
transmissions in the Standard Frequency Service (a radio
communication service for scientific, technical and other purposes,
providing the transmission of specific frequencies of stated high
precision, intended for general reception).

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Limitations on use

2(1) The Licensee shall only use:

  1. the frequency bands specified in the first column of the
    Schedule to this Licence subject to the limitations set out in the
    second column of the Schedule;
  2. a power not exceeding the maximum specified in the third column
    of the Schedule; and
  3. the types of transmission specified in the fourth column of the

2(2) The Licensee may receive Messages from an overseas amateur
or from a UK amateur duly authorised by the Secretary of State on a
frequency band not specified in the first column of the Schedule as
long as the Licensee transmits only in a band specified in the
first column of the Schedule which is authorised under sub-clause

Pulse emissions

2(3) The Licensee shall not use pulse emissions.


2(4) The Station shall be operated only by the Licensee

2(5) The Licensee may permit any person to type the Message of
the Licensee for transmission by the Licensee from the Station.

Aircraft and vessels

2(6) The Licensee shall not establish or use the Station on any
vessel, other than in Inland Waters, or in any aircraft or other
airborne vehicle.

Other requirements

3(1) The Licensee shall hold a Foundation Licence Training
Course Completion Slip.

3(2) The Licensee shall comply with:

  1. the relevant provisions of the Telecommunication Convention and
    Radio Regulations unless such compliance would result in a breach
    of the Licence; and
  2. all relevant statutory enactments including (without limiting
    the generality of the foregoing) the Act, the Wireless Telegraphy
    Act 1967 and the Telecommunications Act 1984.

3(3) The Licensee shall:

  1. have no pecuniary interest (direct or indirect) in any
    operations conducted under this Licence; and
  2. except in the case of activities on behalf of a non-profit
    organisation established for the furtherance of amateur radio, not
    use the Station for business, advertisement or propaganda purposes
    including (without limiting the generality of the foregoing) the
    sending of news or messages of, or on behalf of, or for the benefit
    or information of, any social, political, religious or commercial


4(1) The Licensee shall only use transmitting equipment
conforming to EC standards or commercially available kits
transmitting inside amateur bands only.

4(2) Notwithstanding any other term of this Licence, the
Licensee shall ensure that the apparatus comprised in the Station
is constructed, maintained and used, so that its use does not cause
any undue interference to any wireless telegraphy.

4(3) If any undue interference to wireless telegraphy is caused
by the radiation of Unwanted Emissions or the field strength of
electromagnetic energy radiated from the Station, then the Licensee
shall suppress the Unwanted Emissions or reduce the level of the
field strength to the level specified by the Secretary of

4(4) The Station shall be capable of receiving Messages on the
same frequencies and with the same classes of emission in use for
the transmission of Messages by the Station.

Recorded or retransmitted Messages

5(1) The Licensee may record and retransmit Messages addressed
to the Licensee from other licensed amateurs:

  1. with whom the Licensee is in direct communication; or
  2. which are intended for retransmission to a specified licensed

5(2) The Licensee may send Messages by (or as part of) the
intermediate relaying of the Messages to or from other licensed

5(3) When recording and retransmitting the Message of another
licensed amateur, if the Licensee also records and retransmits the
call sign of the licensed amateur, then the Licensee shall transmit
the call sign in such a way that the origin of the Message and the
origin of the retransmission are clear.

5(4) Notwithstanding sub-clauses 5(1) and (2), the Licensee
shall not operate the station as:

  1. a mailbox or bulletin board (each being a device which stores,
    in a readable form, complete messages which are not to or from the
    Licensee,for re-transmission on behalf of other licensed amateurs);
  2. a telephony repeater (a facility which receives and
    simultaneously retransmits Messages by telephony for or on behalf
    of other licensed amateurs).


6(1) The Licensee shall keep a permanent record (the
“Log”) of all wireless telegraphy transmissions at the
Main Station Address and all Temporary Locations showing:

  1. dates of transmission;
  2. the times (in Co-ordinated Universal Time (UTC)) during each
    day of
  1. the first and last transmissions from the Station; and
  2. changes made to the frequency band, class of emission or
  • frequency band of transmission;
  • mode of transmission;
  • power;
  • initial calls (“CQ” calls) (whether or not they are
  • the call sign of licensed amateurs or licensed stations with
    which communications have been established (not including those
    amateurs or stations which form part of the intermediate relay of
    Messages); and
  • location when the station is operated at a Temporary

6(2) The Log shall be written in a book or maintained on a
magnetic tape, disc or other electronic storage medium. If the Log
is maintained on an electronic storage medium the means to view the
Log and produce a hard copy shall be kept readily available at the
Main Station Address.

6(3) Where the Log is maintained:

  1. in a book, the book shall not be loose-leaf and no gaps shall
    be left between the entries;
  2. on a magnetic tape, disc or other electronic storage medium,
    suitableprecautions should be taken to ensure that the log is
    backed up.

6(4) The Licensee shall keep the log for inspection by a person
authorised by the Secretary of State for a least six months from
the date of the last entry whether or not this Licence has expired
or been revoked.

6(5) When a person authorised by the Secretary of State requires
additional matters to be recorded, the Licensee shall record those
additional matters in the Log for the period specified by that



7(1) Subject to sub-clause (1A) below, which does not apply to
operation via repeaters during transmissions, the Licensee shall
transmit the call sign specified in the Validation Document:

  1. during initial calls (“CQ” calls);
  2. at the beginning and at the end of each period of communication
    with a licensed amateur and when the period of communication is
    longer than 15 minutes, at the end of each interval of 15
  3. at the beginning of transmission on a new frequency (whenever
    the frequency of transmission is changed);
  4. by the same type of transmission that is being used for the
  5. on the same carrier frequency that is being used for the
    communication; and
  6. by morse telegraphy or telephony, at the end of each 30 minute
    period during which transmissions are sent from the Station (unless
    already transmitting in morse telegraphy or telephony).

7(1A) When operating within a net, under sub-clause 1(5)(c), the
Licensee shall observe the following requirements in relation to
the transmission of his call sign:

  1. he shall transmit his call sign when he first joins the net and
    on leaving it;
  2. subject to sub-clause 7(1A) (c) below, whilst participating in
    the net, he shall not be obliged to transmit his call sign when
    making contact with other participants;
  3. whilst participating in the net, he shall transmit his call

    1. when 15 minutes have elapsed since the last transmission of his
      call sign; or
    2. if he has not transmitted speech before 15 minutes have elapsed
      since such transmission, on the first occasion thereafter on which
      he transmits speech.

7(2) At a Temporary Location, the Licensee shall:

  1. use the suffix “/P” with his call sign and give the
    location of the Station every 30 minutes to an accuracy of at least
    5km by a generally used identifier (for guidance see note (t) to
    this booklet); or
  2. give prior written notice of the location to the Operations
    Manager of the local office of the Radiocommunications Agency in
    whose area the operation is to take place.

7(3) When Mobile, the Licensee shall use the

7(4) When away from the Main Station Address, the Licensee shall
use the appropriate Regional Secondary Locator specified in note
(w) to this Booklet.

7(5) The Secretary of State reserves the right to release
details of the call sign of the Licensee specified in the
Validation Document to third parties so that the call sign may be
published in call books compiled by third parties, either in
written form or in the form of “read only” computer

Inspection and close down

8(1) The Licensee shall permit a person authorised by the
Secretary of State:

  1. to have access to the Station; and
  2. to inspect the Licence and Log and to inspect the apparatus of
    the Station at any and all reasonable times (or when, in the
    opinion of the Secretary of State, an urgent situation exists at
    any time) for the purpose of verifying compliance with the terms of
    the Licence.

8(2) When, in the opinion of a person authorised by the
Secretary of State:

  1. the Licensee is in breach of the Licence; and
  2. breach justifies immediate restriction or close down, the
    Licensee shall restrict the operation of or close down and cease to
    operate, the station (or any apparatus comprised in the Station)
    forthwith in accordance with the demand of a person authorised by
    the Secretary of State for the temporary period specified in the

8(3) For the purposes of sub-section 1(4) of the Act, this
Licence may be revoked, or its terms, provisions or limitations
varied, by a notice in writing of the Secretary of State served on
the Licensee, or by a general notice addressed to all holders of an
Amateur Radio Foundation Licence published in the London, Edinburgh
and Belfast Gazettes or broadcast nationally by the British
Broadcasting Corporation.

Period of Licence and fees due

9(1) Subject to the payment, if appropriate, (for guidance see
note (w) to this booklet) of the fee in the manner indicated in
sub-clause 9(2), this Licence shall continue in force from year to
year unless revoked by the Secretary of State.

9(2) The Licensee shall pay to the Secretary of State before the
anniversary date of the Date of Issue in each year, the fee on
renewal prescribed by the Regulations for the time being in force
under sub-section 2(1) of the Act, and on the payment of the fee
the Secretary of State will issue to the Licensee a document in the
form of the title page of this Licence (the “Validation
Document”) which will indicate the next date for renewal.

9(3) If the Licensee does not pay any fee due and in the manner
described in sub clause9(2), then the Licence shall expire at the
end of the day before the relevant anniversary date of the Date of

9(4) The licensee shall surrender the Validation Document to the
Secretary of State forthwith upon the revocation of the Licence.
The Secretary of State reserves the right to publish the name and
call sign of the Licensee if the Licence is revoked.


10(1) In this Licence, unless the context otherwise

  1. The Interpretation Act 1978 shall apply to this Licence as it
    applies to an Act of Parliament;
  2. the expression “Co-ordinated Universal Time” has the
    same meaning as it has in the Radio Regulations (for guidance see
    note (s) to this booklet);
  3. “Act” means the Wireless Telegraphy Act 1949;
  4. “Inland Waters” means any canal, river, lake, loch or
    navigation which is not Tidal Water;
  5. “Inspect” means examine and test;
  6. “Licensee” means the licensee named in the Validation
  7. “Secretary of State” means the Secretary of State for
    Trade and Industry;
  8. “Telecommunication Convention” and “Radio
    Regulations” mean the International Telecommunication
    Convention and the Radio Regulations thereunder and include any
    Convention or Regulation which may from time to time be enacted or
    brought into force in substitution for, in amendment of, or in
    addition to, the Telecommunication Convention or Radio
  9. “United Kingdom” means the United Kingdom of Great
    Britain and Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of
  10. “Unwanted Emissions” means spurious emissions and
    out-of-band emissions as defined in the Radio Regulations;
  11. “Vessel” includes a hovercraft and any other floating
    structure which is capable of being manned;
  12. “Authorised Officer” means an authorised officer of
    the Radiocommunications Agency.

10(2) The headings in this Licence are for ease of reference
only and shall not affect the interpretation of the Licence.

10(3) The Licence consists of the Validation Document, the
Terms, Provisions and Limitations Booklet BR68/F and the Schedule
to the Booklet as any of them may be varied from time to time.

10(4) To the extent that they do not conflict with or are not
inconsistent with any of the clauses herein, the Notes to the
Schedule to the Booklet and the Notes to the Booklet shall be
complied with by the Licensee.

FrequencyBands in


Status of Allocations inthe United Kingdom to

theAmateur Service

Mode ofTransmission

Secondary. Available on the basis
non-interference to other services (inside or outside the United

(0dBW) erp





Primary. Available on the basis of
non-interference to other services (outside the United
fed to the Antenna 10 W (10dBW)
Available on the basis ofnon-interference to other services

(inside or outside the United Kingdom)

Primary. Shared with other
Primary. Available on the basis
non-interference to other services

(outside the United Kingdom)

Secondary. Available on the basis
non-interference to other services

(inside or outside the United Kingdom)

(10dBW) erp
Seondary. Not available for usewithin a 1000km radius of Charing Cross,


(51� 30′ 30″ N, 00� 07′
24″ W)



Notes to the Schedule

  1. In all frequency bands, high intensities of RF radiation may be
    harmful and safety precautions should be taken, particularly in
    locations to which people have access. Advice concerning safe
    levels of exposure to RF radiation is provided by the National
    Radiological Protection Board.
  2. Primary, permitted and secondary services
    For the
    purpose of this Licence, frequency bands allocated to the Amateur
    Service on a primary basis cannot claim protection from undue
    interference from any other authorised services, such protection
    being afforded only to users whose frequencies have been registered
    nationally or internationally. In the United Kingdom, individual
    frequency assignments are not registered in the Amateur Service,
    except for beacons and repeaters. This applies equally to all bands
    allocated on a secondary basis where stations of the Amateur
    Service are also required not to cause undue interference to
    stations of a primary or permitted service to which frequencies are
    already assigned or to which frequencies may be assigned at a later
  3. Any modulation technique (except for pulse emissions) may be
    used for the types of transmission specified in the fourth column
    of the Schedule which are defined as follows:
Morse: hand or automatically-sent international morse
Telephony: speech, including selective calling signals using
AM/FM or SSB modulation
RTTY: radio teletype and AMTOR
Data: digital codes representing numbers, text, speech,
images, measurements, computer programmes or other information
authorised by the Licence
Facsimile: transmission of fixed or graphic
SSTV: slow scan (i.e. reduced bandwidth) television


Notes to the Terms, Provisions and Limitations
Booklet BR 68/F

  1. Remittances and correspondence should be sent to the Radio
    Licensing Centre, PO Box 885, Bristol BS99 SLG. Tel: (0117) 925
    8333. Do not send the Licence when making remittances.
  2. A list of the Radiocommunications Agency’s local offices (See
    subclause 7(2) may be obtained from the address given in note
  3. If any message, the receipt of which is not authorised by this
    Licence, is received by means of the Station, neither the Licensee
    nor any person using the Station should make known the contents of
    any such message, its origin or destination, its existence or the
    fact of its receipt to any person except an authorised officer of
    Her Majesty’s Government or a competent legal tribunal, or retain
    any copy or make any use of such message, or allow it to be
    reproduced, copied or made use of. It is an offence under Section 5
    of the Act deliberately to receive messages the receipt of which is
    unauthorised or (except in the special circumstances mentioned in
    that section of the Act) to disclose any information as to the
    contents, sender or addressee of any such message.
  4. It is an offence to send certain misleading messages, viz:”Any person who;
    1. by means of wireless telegraphy, sends or attempts to send, any
      message which, to his knowledge, is false or misleading and is, to
      his knowledge, likely to prejudice the efficiency of any safety of
      life service or endanger the safety of any person or of any vessel,
      aircraft or vehicle, and, in particular, any message which, to his
      knowledge, falsely suggests that a vessel or aircraft is in
      distress or in need of assistance or is not in distress or not in
      need of assistance;.. shall be guilty of an offence under this Act.” (Section 5,
      WT Act 1949).
  1. This Licence does not authorise the doing of any act, which is
    an infringement of any copyright, which may exist in the
    communication sent or received.
  2. Notwithstanding sub-clause 2(2), if the Licensee is operating
    under the Licence of, in the presence of, and under the direct
    supervision of a person who holds an Amateur Radio Licence (A), or
    (B), then he may utilise the specific extra frequencies available
    to those licensees.
  3. References to the operation of the Station include references
    to the speaking into the microphone comprised in the Station.
  4. Any operation under this Licence must also comply with the
    “Self-Provision Licence” granted by the Secretary of
    State under section 7 of the Telecommunications Act 1984. Copies of
    this Licence are available from the Office of Telecommunications,
    Export House, 50 Ludgate Hill, London EC4M 7JJ. The Licensee may
    not permit the automatic reception and or transmission of messages
    between the amateur radio service operated in accordance with
    section 1 of the Act and other telecommunications networks.
  5. It is an offence under the Wireless Telegraphy (Content of
    Transmission) Regulations 1988 to send a message, communication or
    other matter in whatever form that is grossly offensive or of an
    indecent, obscene or menacing character.
  6. If the Station is situated within 1km of the boundary of an
    aerodrome, then the height of the antenna or any mast or structure
    supporting it must not exceed 15m above ground level. An antenna
    which crosses above, or is liable to fall or to be blown on to, any
    overhead power line (including electric lighting) or power
    apparatus must be guarded to the reasonable satisfaction of the
    owner of the power line or power apparatus.
  7. This Licence does not absolve the Licensee from obtaining any
    necessary consent before entering on private or public property
    (including a public transport vehicle) with any apparatus.
  8. Sub-clause 4(2) of the Licence requires that the apparatus in
    the Station be so constructed, maintained and used that the use of
    the Station does not cause any undue interference with any wireless
    telegraphy. When constructing apparatus from a kit, the
    accompanying instructions must be followed. In order to prevent
    interference due to close coupling of antennas, the antenna used
    for the Station should be sited as far as possible from any
    existing television or other receiving antennas. This is
    particularly important in the case of the installation of an indoor
    transmitting antenna, e.g. in a loft, where transmissions may be
    conducted through the electricity supply wiring. In some
    circumstances it might not be possible to use an indoor antenna. In
    densely populated areas sufficient separation of the amateur
    equipment from surrounding transmitters, receivers and electronic
    equipment may not be possible to permit the amateur to operate with
    full licence power without the high probability of causing
    interference. Adjacent transmitters may produce intermodulation
    products on other frequencies and excessive field strengths may
    cause breakthrough even in receivers which display an adequate
    level of immunity to unwanted transmissions. If an interference
    problem arises, this may indicate either that the affected
    equipment has an inadequate immunity or has not been properly
    installed or maintained or that excessive field strengths are being
    generated. Each case needs to be considered on its merits, but
    regard will be had to the harmonised immunity standards introduced
    for the purposes of Council Directive 89/336/EEC on electromagnetic
    compatibility. In order to solve the problem, it may be necessary,
    depending on the circumstances, to take reasonable steps to improve
    the immunity of the affected receiving installation, to modify
    transmission practice or to impose operating restrictions on the
    Licensee. While owners of receivers should take steps to ensure
    that their apparatus has a reasonable standard of immunity, in some
    circumstances the amateur may need to modify his transmission
    practice to minimise a problem to neighbours.
  9. In the event of a demand by an Authorised Officer to close down
    or restrict the operation of the Station under sub-clause 8(2), the
    Licensee must immediately act in accordance with the demand. He
    will at that time be given oral reasons for the demand and will
    have an opportunity to provide reasons why the demand should not be
    met. If the demand is affirmed, then it will be confirmed in
    writing to the Licensee as soon as practicable. Written reasons
    will be given by an Operations Manager of the Radiocommunications
    Agency and the Licensee will again be invited to comment. The
    temporary period referred to in sub-clause 8(2) will usually be 28
    days, but may be a greater or lesser period as the circumstances
    warrant. Where appropriate and where circumstances allow, the Local
    Office of the Radiocommunications Agency will be available to
    discuss with the Licensee how a breach of Licence might be
    corrected. However, if the Licensee does not comply with the demand
    or if the breach resulting in the demand is not rectified within a
    reasonable period of time to the satisfaction of the Secretary of
    State, then revocation or variation of Licence procedures may be
    commenced under sub-section 1(4) of the Act or a prosecution may be
    initiated (depending on the circumstances of each case).
  10. Sub-section 19(5) of the Act applies for the purposes of this
    Licence as it applies for the purposes of the Act:”In considering for any of the purposes of this Act, whether,
    in any particular case, any interference with any wireless
    telegraphy caused or likely to be caused by the use of any
    apparatus, is or is not undue interference, regard shall be had to
    all the known circumstances of the case and the interference shall
    not be regarded as undue interference if so to regard it would
    unreasonably cause hardship to the person using or desiring to use
    the apparatus.”
  11. Under section 1 of the Act, it is an offence to use any station
    or apparatus otherwise than under and in accordance with a licence
    granted by the Secretary of State.
  12. The Licence is not transferable.
  13. No log need be kept in respect of Mobile operations.
  14. For the purposes of this Licence, “Co-ordinated Universal
    Time” may be regarded as equivalent to Greenwich Mean Time
  15. When telephony is used, the letters of the call sign may be
    confirmed phonetically. The phonetic alphabet contained in Appendix
    S14 of the Radio Regulations is reproduced below:
A Alpha J Juliet S Sierra
B Bravo K Kilo T Tango
C Charlie L Lima U Uniform
D Delta M Mike V Victor
E Echo N November W Whiskey
F Foxtrot O Oscar X X-ray
G Golf P Papa Y Yankee


Hotel Q Quebec Z Zulu
I India R Romeo
  1. When the Station must be identified in accordance with
    sub-clause 7(2) (a), it is recommended that one of the following
    location identifiers be used:
  1. the full postcode,
  2. latitude and longitude in degrees and minutes,
  3. National Grid Reference correct to six figures,
  4. International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) locator, or
  5. the address or other geographical description correct to
  1. The following Regional Secondary Locators should be used
    immediately after the United Kingdom prefix “M” when
    identifying the Station in accordance with sub-clause 7(4) of this
Isle of Man
Northern Ireland
  1. When identifying in accordance with clause 7, the following
    extract from Article S19 of the Radio Regulations (S19.18-S19.22)
    shall be observed: “Identification signals shall wherever
    practicable be in one of the following forms:

    1. speech, using simple amplitude or frequency modulation;
    2. international morse code transmitted at manual speed;
    3. a telegraph code compatible with conventional printing
    4. any other form recommended by the Radiocommunication Sector of
      the ITU.”
  2. The Licensee does not have to pay a licence fee if, at the time
    of application or renewal, he is either under 21 years of age or
    aged 75 years or over. In order to maintain the accuracy of the
    licence records, all licensees will receive renewal reminders,
    however, under-21s and those aged 75 years or over only have to
    re-affirm that they wish to continue as Foundation Licensees.


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